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Historical Timeline


Text provided by American Samoa Historical Calander

History

The artwork of the Samoan people has been practiced for over 200 years. A tradition that has been passed from generation to generation through father to son, mother to daughter. Today it is taught in classrooms and workshops for anybody willing to learn. In some cases it's passed through the family due to economical hardship, either way this long standing tradition of expression has weathered all these years. You will discover the actual practice of it, the history, designs and the different forms of art: Siapo, Weaving and Tattoo.

Two Samoan Women in Tradiontal outfits Pago Pago is the capitol city of the U.S. territory American Samoa, whose history dates back 10,000 years ago. The islands history is shared with it's sister island Samoa (Western Samoa) the island were separated during the 1900's because of colonization by Europe and the United States. Donec mauris magna, malesuada eget posuere eget, laoreet vitae velit. In nec diam commodo ante condimentum congue. Cras pharetra tempor elit, quis mattis massa vulputate vel. Nunc tristique risus rutrum mi facilisis vel porta metus consequat. Sed id facilisis lorem. Quisque orci orci, pulvinar at facilisis vel, fringilla in est. Phasellus sapien justo, faucibus et ultrices sit amet, lacinia at mauris. Cras euismod pretium turpis vitae pellentesque. Aliquam sollicitudin purus nec risus laoreet feugiat. Suspendisse potenti. Sed lacus enim, consequat eu rhoncus quis, varius in metus. Donec sit amet odio eu ligula lacinia interdum. Vivamus consequat metus in felis tempus eget fermentum odio ullamcorper. Nam id turpis sem. Curabitur egestas, massa sit amet congue accumsan, sem lacus malesuada neque, non consectetur arcu arcu vitae ligula.

Life Then

American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of the sovereign state of Samoa (formerly known as Western Samoa). The main (largest and most populous) island is Tutuila, with the Manu Ľa Islands, Rose Atoll, and Swains Island also included in the territory. American Samoa is part of the Samoan Islands chain, located west of the Cook Islands, north of Tonga, and some 300 miles (500 km) south of Tokelau. To the west are the islands of the Wallis and Futuna group. The 2000 census showed a total population of 57,291. The total land area is 200.22 km2 (77 sq mi), slightly more than Washington, D.C. Donec mauris magna, malesuada eget posuere eget, laoreet vitae velit. In nec diam commodo ante condimentum congue. Cras pharetra tempor elit, quis mattis massa vulputate vel. Nunc tristique risus rutrum mi facilisis vel porta metus consequat. Sed id facilisis lorem. Quisque orci orci, pulvinar at facilisis vel, fringilla in est. Phasellus sapien justo, faucibus et ultrices sit amet, lacinia at mauris. Cras euismod pretium turpis vitae pellentesque. Aliquam sollicitudin purus nec risus laoreet feugiat. Suspendisse potenti. Sed lacus enim, consequat eu rhoncus quis, varius in metus. Donec sit amet odio eu ligula lacinia interdum. Vivamus consequat metus in felis tempus eget fermentum odio ullamcorper. Nam id turpis sem. Curabitur egestas, massa sit amet congue accumsan, sem lacus malesuada neque, non consectetur arcu arcu vitae ligula.

It is generally believed that the Samoan Islands were originally inhabited as early as 1000 BC. Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the eighteenth century.
The pre-Western history of Eastern Samoa (now American Samoa) is inextricably bound with the history of Western Samoa (now independent Samoa). The Manu'a Islands of American Samoa have one of the oldest histories of Polynesia, in connection with the Tui Manua title, connected with the histories of the archipelagos of Fiji, Tonga, the Cook Islands, Tokelau and elsewhere in the Pacific -- all of which had once been under Manua's occupation. Tu'i Manu'a from Manu'a ruled most of the Pacific, including Tonga, long before the Tu'i Tonga Empire. While Tu'i Manu'a ruled Tonga, the external influences came in the form of imperial activities, beginning with the Tu'i Pulotu empire in Fiji and followed by the Tu'i Manu'a empire in Samoa. In other words, Tonga was under considerable influence from the imperialism of both Fiji and Samoa. However, Tonga was able to free itself through bitter and bloody wars from the imperial domination of the Tu'i Manu'a - which eventually led to the formation of the Tu'i Tonga empire around AD 950 in the person of 'Aho'eitu, the first Tu'i Tonga - whose father was a deified Samoan high chief, Tangaloa 'Eitumatupu'a, and mother a Tongan woman, Va'epopua, of great noble birth. This double origin entitled the Tu'i Tonga to hold both divine and secular offices.

In principle, the close cultural and historical interlinkages between Fiji, Samoa and Tonga were essentially elitist, involving the intermarriage between regional aristocratic families. Many years later, after Tonga freed itself from Samoa, the Tongans took rule over Samoa until Samoa freed itself. Manu'a was the only island group that remained independent. The islands of Tutuila and Aunu'u were politically connected to 'Upolu island in what is now independent Samoa. It can be said that all the Samoa islands are politically connected today through the faamatai chiefly system and through family connections that are as strong as ever. This system of the faamatai and the customs of faasamoa originated with two of the most famous early chiefs of Samoa, who were both women and related, Nafanua and Salamasina.

Life Now

View of Pago Harbor After the United States Navy, on behalf of the United States, took possession of eastern Samoa, the existing coaling station at Pago Pago Bay was expanded into a full naval station under the command of a commandant. The Navy secured a Deed of Cession of Tutuila in 1900 and a Deed of Cession of Manu'a in 1904. The last sovereign of Manu'a, the Tui Manu'a Elisala, was forced to sign a Deed of Cession of Manu'a following a series of U.S. Naval trials, known as the "Trial of the Ipu", in Pago Pago, Ta'u, and aboard a Pacific Squadron gunboat.
In time, the Navy-appointed governor was replaced by a locally elected one. Although technically considered "unorganized" in that the U.S. Congress has not passed an Organic Act for the territory, American Samoa is self-governing under a constitution that became effective on July 1, 1967. The U.S. Territory of American Samoa is on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, a listing which is disputed by the territorial government officials, who do consider themselves to be self-governing.
People born in American Samoa -- including those born on Swains Island -- are American nationals, but are not American citizens unless one of their parents is a U.S. citizen. As U.S. nationals, American Samoans may not vote in U.S. presidential elections. However, American Samoans are entitled to free and unrestricted entry into the mainland United States.


Text provided by Wikipedia - American Samoa
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